From Accoutrements at http://www.accoutrements.com/, it's the Carl Jung Action Figure! Part of the company's line of historically and culturally significant action figures (you might remember their latest imbroglio about the Jesus action figure), these toys come as a refreshing difference in a field swamped with superhero, sword fighting, and military themes. After all, you got to have some ordinary-looking people sometimes. And as the Accoutrements website points out, Carl Jung looks like everybody's friendly old grampa.
Quote from the card: "Legacy: Carl Jung was one of the most influential psychiatrists in history. His lifelong devotion to the study of the mind resulted in some seminal theories about the human unconcious that he articulated in numerous articles, essays and books on the subject. He is directly responsible for a great number of psychological concepts including the Collective Unconscious, The Complex, The Archetype, and Introvert/Extrovert."
I also have some vague recollection of him using toys and play in his therapy to help unlock and work through deeply buried issues. But don't quote me on that.
I bought the figure itself at Hastings, for $8.99. It's 5&1/4 inches tall, comes with a brown and gold pipe accessory, and is perhaps the only action figure I've ever seen with a pair of glasses molded to its forehead rather than over its eyes.